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Structural Pest Management Association

Posted by Ole Nielsen under: tags:
    Mar 2013
    06

    spmaoThe Structural Pest Management Association of Ontario (SPMAO) is a partner with The Canadian Pest Management (CPMA) and the National Pest Management Association in the USA.( NPMA)

    The SPMAO  work hand in hand with Ontario Member Pest Management Companies to assure adherence to Ministry of the Environment Regulations as well as proper and ethical Pest Management Practices within our industry.

    I have recently been voted in, by our membership,  to sit as a board of director of SPMAO, an honour I greatly appreciate.

    SPMAO is hosting a Pest Management Conference at The Westin Harbour Castle, in Toronto on March 20-21-22 2013 in Conjunction with the NPMA.

    Many industry experts will address our membership, and it promises to be a very informative conference.

    Being a new Board Member I will of certainty be at that Conference, and therefore, away from my business for those two days.

    This conference is just one in a long line of conferences I have attended over the course of my career as a Pest Management Professional, but each one is a unique experience and will add another learning notch to my belt.

    In a few weeks, look to this blog for new updated and information gleaned from my experience at this event.

    Hope the advent of Spring finds all Pest Free, but if not please call me and I will be happy to assist you in becoming just that.

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    Bed Bugs

    Having problems with bed bug infestation? Getting bed bug bites at night? Afraid that there are bed bugs hiding in your mattress? You are not alone on this issue.

    A recent Bugs Without Borders survey found that 99 percent of Professional Pest Management Companies have encountered a Bed Bug infestation in the past year.

    There is no doubt that Bed Bugs are here for the long haul.

    Continual Bed Bug eradication studies show the common Bed Bug to have high resistance to all Pyretheroids which are the only chemicals currently registered by both the EPA (USA Environmental Protection Agency) and the PMRA (CAN., Pest Management Regulatory Agency) (more…)

     
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    Source: http://www.pestworld.org/all-things-bed-bugs/

    Cockroaches

    The German Cockroach is by far the most important and usually the most common of the cockroaches we encounter.

    In addition to being a nuisance, the German cockroach has been implicated in outbreaks of illness and allergic reactions in many people.

    Different forms of gastroenteritis (food poisoning, dysentery, diarrhea) appear to be the principal diseases transmitted by these pests.

    The organisms causing these diseases are carried on the legs and bodies of cockroaches and are deposited on food and utensils as the cockroaches forage.

    Cockroach excrement and cast skins also contain a number of allergens to which many people exhibit allergic responses, such as skin rashes, watery eyes and sneezing, congestion of nasal passages, and asthma.

    German Cockroaches are the most prolific roach. Each female lives an average of 1 year and can produce a monthly egg capsule (Ootheca) with approximately 40 roaches.

    Click here for oriental cockroach removal

     
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    Source: http://www.pestworld.org/pest-guide/cockroaches/german-cockroaches/

    Rats

    Rattus Norwegicus or Norway Rat was introduced to North America by early European sailors.

    Today they inhabit every North America City and Countryside.

    Rats are burrowing animals and will live in holes in the ground around their food source.

    They are also known to inhabit the sewer systems of all major cities, sometimes appearing in homes via the toilet.

    Rat control is a specialty and the biology and feeding habits must be understood for proper elimination.

     

     
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    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rat

    Carpenter Ants

    Carpenter Ants are a unique species of ants which excavate wood to make their homes.

    In nature their function is to help in the rapid deterioration of old decaying trees, but unfortunately these ants can not distinguish between a dying tree and the water drenched edges of your soffits  and/or  Patio Doors. So they could cause damage once they get into your house. (more…)

     
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    Source: http://www.pestworld.org/pest-guide/ants/carpenter-ants/

    Indian Meal Moths

    The Indian Meal Moth is the most common of stored product pests.

    The adult moth is about 1 centimeter long, grey on the lower part of body with distinctive yellow/tan markings on the upper parts.

    Immature or larvae of this moth is white and can be observed crawling up wall areas where it is looking to find a ceiling area to pupate in, leaving small cocoon’s in the wall/ceiling joint.

    Indian Meal Moth will infest most meal type foods including Rice, Oats,Corn,Nuts, and many others. Wild Bird Seed and dry pet foods are particularly prone to infestations.

    Most Stored Product Pests can be monitored with Pheromone Traps and Lures which OPM can supply.

    Eradication of these pests require thorough preparation procedure and control methods.

     
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    Source: http://www.pestworld.org/pest-guide/stored-product-pests/indian-meal-moths/

    Ticks

    Although commonly found in wooded areas, ticks can be found pretty anywhere because they are carried by the birds and other animals they feed on.

    In Canada, we have approximately 40 species, but fortunately for us humans, only a few of them can transmit Lyme disease.

    Common ticks in Canada

    Below is a quick guide to some of the most common ticks in Canada.

    Please note: All tick images found on this website were kindly provided by the University of Alberta, and are reproduced here with permission. Please visit the U of A’s website for additional information and more detailed image galleries(more…)

     
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    Source: http://canlyme.com/lyme-basics/tick-id/

    Carpet Beetles

    The Varied Carpet Beetle and the Black Carpet Beetle are the most common Carpet Beetles found in the Ontario environment.

    The Varied Carpet Beetle has a distinguishing mottled white and dark back and the Black Carpet Beetle is as the word implies uniformly black in color. The adult beetle in both cases are about 3mm long and roundish. The larva, which is the destructive part of this insect is up to 3-5 mm long and has fuzzy hairs on its body, the tail is tapered to a point.

    The adults of the species of both beetles are feeders of plant juices, but the larval stage of these insects will feed on and infest a number of natural fabrics such as wool and cotton as well as horse hair and natural fur and hide.

    The home owner will often find the small brown to yellow fuzzy larva crawling along edges of carpeting and baseboard, as well as in dresser drawers with natural wool swea.

    It can take 249-354 days to three years for varied carpet beetles to grow from an egg to an adult.

     
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    Source: http://www.pestworld.org/pest-guide/other-pests/varied-carpet-beetles/

    Spiders

    Spiders are invertebrates, which means they don’t have backbones. These small creatures help plants reproduce by pollinating them. They also help recycle dead trees and animals back into the earth. They are also a vital source of food for birds, fish, and small mammals. Without invertebrates, like spiders and insects, many other living things would not survive.

    • Spiders are not insects. Insects have three body parts and six legs.
    • Spiders have eight legs and two body parts, the abdomen and the thorax.
    • Spiders have silk spinning glands called spinnerets, at the tip of their abdomen.
    • Not all spiders spin webs. Spiders belong to the Arachnid family. (more…)
     
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    Source: http://www.tooter4kids.com/Spiders/facts.htm

    Fleas

    Fleas are parasites that feed on the blood of any warm-blooded body. The most common species is the cat flea, which often feasts on cats, dogs and humans.

    Habits

    Fleas transport themselves on rodents and other mammals. They infest both household pests and wild animals. Fleas use their powerful legs to jump as high as 8 inches vertically and 16 inches horizontally.

    Habitat

    Fleas usually remain on their warm-blooded hosts at all times. They can also be found on shoes, pant legs, or blankets, which can transfer the fleas to new environments. They are often found infesting opossums, raccoons, and skunks in urban settings.

    Threats

    Fleas are the most common transmitter of the rare Bubonic Plague. They also transmit the bacterial disease murine typhus to humans through infected rats. Their saliva can cause serious Flea Alergy Dermatitus in pets, and their debris has been reported to cause similar allergic reactions in humans. Fleas can also transfer tapeworms and cause anemia in pets. Flea bites commonly cause painful, itchy red bumps.

     

     
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    Source: http://www.pestworld.org/pest-guide/stingingbiting-insects/flea/

    Silverfish

    This insect gets its name from its silvery, metallic appearance and fish-like shape and movements. Silverfish have no wings, but are able to run very fast. They tend to hide their presence from humans which means any damage they have caused could go unnoticed as well.

    Habits

    Silverfish tend to feed on paper items, glue, clothing and food items, such as flour and rolled oats. Silverfish can live up to a year without food, but require a high humidity environment. They move fast and are typically nocturnal.

    Habitat

    Silverfish are found throughout the U.S. and are typically seen in moist, humid areas in the home, such as bathrooms, basements, and attics.

    Threats

    While silverfish are mainly a nuisance pest, they can contaminate food and damage paper goods such as wallpaper and books.

     
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    Source: http://www.pestworld.org/pest-guide/occasional-invaders/silverfish/

    Pavement Ants

    Pavement ants

    We see these in almost every yard and driveway in the spring and summer. Small black ants making small mounds of dirt along edges of driveways, pool areas, patio’s and almost anywhere else that affords them shelter and food sources

    Habits

    These black ants will eat almost anything, including insects, seeds, honeydew (Secretion of Aphids), honey, bread, meats, nuts and cheese. Foragers will invade homes in great numbers looking for food. Leaving pet foods on the floor will encourage ants to trail to the food on a regular basis.

    Habitat

    Pavement ants live in our natural environment under pavement cracks, in the ground anywhere but particularly where there is an abundance of water, thus they are a real nuisance in pool areas of back yard.

    Threats

    These black pavement ants do not pose a public health risk, but they can contaminate food and should be avoided.

    Click here for carpenter ants removal

    Click here for Pharaoh Ants removal

     
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    Source: http://www.pestworld.org/pest-guide/ants/pavement-ants/

    Wasps

    Paper wasps get their common name from the paper-like material out of which they make their nests. Paper wasps are sometimes called umbrella wasps, after the shape of their distinctive nests. Various species are found throughout the United States.

    Habits

    Paper wasps are semi-social and live in small colonies. They eat nectar and other insects including caterpillars and flies.

    Habitat

    Paper wasps hang their comb nests from twigs and branches of trees and shrubs, porch ceilings, the tops of window and doorframes, soffits, eaves, attic rafters, deck floor joists and railings, etc. In the autumn, inseminated females will seek places to spend the winter, and may find their way indoors, especially if there is a cathedral ceiling present.

    Threats

    Paper wasps are not an aggressive species by nature, but will sting if they are disturbed or their nest is threatened. Wasp stings are painful and cause the same risk of allergic reaction as with other insect stings.

     
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    Source: http://www.pestworld.org/pest-guide/stingingbiting-insects/paper-wasps/

    Deer Mice

    The deer mouse is a kind of rodent that is distinguished by large eyes, large ears and white under-belly and feet. They rarely invades homes, but will enter Rural Houses if the opportunity is there.

    Habits

    The deer mouse prefers the outdoors and is rarely found in densely populated urban areas.

    Habitat

    The deer mouse makes its home outdoors. Sheltered areas such as hollow tree logs or piles of debris make the ideal deer mouse habitat.

    On the rare occasions deer mice come indoors, they prefer undisturbed areas such as attics.

    Threats

    The deer mouse is known to transmits the potentially fatal Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome. The disease can be transmitted through contact with mouse carcasses, or by breathing in aerosolized urine droplets of infected deer mice.

    Click here for house mice removal

     
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    Source: http://www.pestworld.org/pest-guide/rodents/deer-mice/

    Oriental Cockroach

    Oriental Cockroaches, Blatta orientalis (L.), are large very dark (almost black, but sometimes dark reddish-brown), shiny cockroaches which live in sewers and similar wet, decaying organic matter. They are sometimes called “water bugs” because they come out of drains, and “black beetle cockroaches” because of their smooth, dark bodies. Males are about 1 inch long, with wings that cover only about 3/4 of their abdomen; females are about 1 1/4 inch long, and have only short stubs of wing pads.

    Habits

    This species of cockroach often travels through sewer pipes in the core area of Ontario cities. The Oriental roach survives on decaying matter and enjoys temperatures from 68 to 84 degrees. This is a cooler temperature than that preferred by other cockroach species.

    Habitat

    Oriental cockroaches are often found in city sewers and will enter structures through basement floor drains. They find indoor harborage in basements and crawl spaces and will deposit egg casings (Oothecas) on rough basement walls. These Ootheca will hatch in from a few weeks to several months depending on ambient temperature and the nymphs will forage for food entering the human living space of the structure

    Threats

    Cockroaches have been reported to spread at least 33 kinds of bacteria, six kinds of parasitic worms, and at least seven other kinds of human pathogens. They can pick up germs on the spines of their legs and bodies as they crawl through decaying matter or sewage and then carry these into food or onto food surfaces. Germs that cockroaches eat from decaying matter or sewage are protected while in their bodies and may remain infectious for several weeks longer than if they had been exposed to cleaning agents, rinse water, or just sunlight and air. Recent medical studies have shown that cockroach allergens cause lots of allergic reactions in inner city children. They were even shown to cause asthma in children. These allergens build up in deposits of droppings, secretions, cast skins, and dead bodies of Oriental roaches.

    Click here for cockroach removal

     
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    Source: http://www.pestworld.org/pest-guide/cockroaches/oriental-cockroaches/

    Pharaoh Ants

    Latin Name: Monomorium pharaonis

    Unlike some other ant species, pharaoh ants have multiple queens and are able to move their colonies from place to place when disturbed. Workers can grow from eggs to adults in as little as 38 days and may live for nine to 10 weeks. Queen pharaoh ants can live for four to twelve months, but male pharaoh ants die within three to five weeks of mating. Pharaoh ants begin new colonies by budding out. This means that a small group – a minimum of five workers, ten preadults and a single queen – migrate from their colony to start a new colony.

    Pharaoh ants can build nests in walls, cabinet voids, behind baseboards, refrigerator insulation  the hollows of curtain rods, the folds of clothes, sheets and paper and other undisturbed dark spaces. A colony of Pharaoh ants will scatter if a toxic substance disturbs it. This creates multiple problems where there had been only one. In controlling pharaoh ants, it is often advisable to seek professional help. (more…)

     
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    Source: http://www.orkin.com/ants/pharaoh-ant/

    House Mice

    The house mouse is a small rodent usually about 6 to 9 cm long and grey to light brown in color. It is the most common rodent pest in most parts of the world. House mice can breed rapidly and adapt quickly to changing conditions. 99.9% of the times a mouse infestation occurs in a building the mice will inhabit the attic space of the building and forage for food through wall voids, entering areas such as kitchens and pantries. Favorite feeding areas in your home is often behind and beneath your fridge and stove as this is where food debris is left uncleaned.

    Habits

    House mice can breed throughout the year and can share nests. A female mouse can have a litter of 6-8 mice approximately every 5 weeks and it only takes about 5 weeks for the litter to mature. Half the litter are female so at least 3-4 females are each ready to have litters of their own. If you do the math the  the amount of mice can be explosive

    Habitat

    House mice live in structures wherever possible,  but they can live outdoors if necessary for survival.

    Threats

    Through their habit of foraging for food in any and all sources they can pick up and transmit a multitude of diseases from contaminated garbage. Micro droplets of mouse urine can also cause allergies in children. Mice can also bring fleas, mites, ticks and lice into your home.

    Click here for deer mice removal

     
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    Source: http://www.pestworld.org/pest-guide/rodents/house-mice/